Bill and Sue-On Hillman: A 50-Year Musical Odyssey
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HILLMAN CHINA ADVENTURE 2017
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BEIJING
THE GREAT WALL I
Juyongguan Section
www.hillmanweb.com/china2017/beijing6.html

Juyongguan Great Wall is one of the three most famous passes along the Great Wall of China, together with Jiayuguan and Shanhaiguan. 60 km from downtown Beijing, Juyong Pass was a solid stronghold encircling a valley, which was the northern direct access to Beijing in ancient times.
Basic Facts of Juyongguan Great Wall
  •  Situated in a valley surrounded by mountains on two sides, it has long been a military stronghold.
  •  It was first built in the Spring and Autumn Period (770 476 BC) and Warring States Period (476 221 BC) by Yan State as a fortification, and was linked to the Great Wall of China in the Southern and Northern Dynasties (386 589).
  •  Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty (1368 1644), ordered the pass to be rebuilt to protect the northern borders from Mongol invasions. The extant pass was built then, and renovated in 1992.
  •  The mountain to the east is the 150 meters high Cuiping Mountain, with 1,500 meters of wall on its ridges. To the west is 351 meters Jingui Mountain, with 1,200 meters of wall built on it. The walls on the two mountains look like giant arms cradling the buildings of the valley.
  •  The pass is roughly circular with a perimeter of about 4,142 meters long. The widest point of the wall is 16.7 meters, while the narrowest measures only 1.2 meters.
  •  It consists of two gates, one in the south and the other in the north, respectively called Nan (south) Guan (gate) and Bei (north) Guan. Two high watchtowers were built at each gate.
  •  There is a high platform called Cloud Platform in the center of the pass. It is a white marble construction. There used to be buildings on top of the platform, but they were destroyed by fire and only the marble base remains. An arched doorway penetrates the platform. On the walls of the doorway, statues of four heavenly gods and sutra scriptures were carved.
MORE GREAT WALL PHOTOS FROM OUR PREVIOUS VISIT
:: 
The Great Wall I
The Great Wall II
The Great Wall III


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BEIJING NAVIGATION CHART

CONTENTS
Beijing Navigation
1. GETTING THERE
Pt. 1  ::  Pt. 1a ~ alt
2. TEMPLE OF HEAVEN
Pt. 1  ::  Pt. 1a ~ alt
3. TIENENMEN SQUARE
Pt. One
4. FORBIDDEN CITY
Pt. 1  ::  Pt. 2 ~ alt
5. TO THE WALL
Pt. 1  ::  Pt. 2 ~ alt
6. THE GREAT WALL
Pt. 1  ::  Pt. 2
7. NIGHT WALK
Pt. One
8. ZOO and PANDAS
Pt. 1  ::  Pt. 2  ::  Pt. 3
CHINA III
2017 ADVENTURE

BACK TO CHINA 2017 CONTENTS

Bill and Sue-On Hillman
www.hillmanweb.com
hillmans@wcgwave.ca