archeologist Shen Maosheng headed the third excavation of the Mausoleum
of Emperor Qinshihuang between 2009 and 2019. On January 2020, Xinhuanet
announced Shen's team uncovered 200 more clay soldiers. Shen said most
of the sculptures are either "holding pole weapons, bending their right
arms with half clenched fists" or "carrying bows, with their right arms
hanging naturally," indicating each soldier's own task within the army.
The excavation is about 750 feet
long, 200 feet wide, and 16 feet deep, and in total there are more than
6,000 clay soldiers and horses. The carved armor on each of the newly discovered
soldiers seems to indicate their rank, and Shen says, "the excavation expanded
the study on the military service system and military equipment of the
Qin Dynasty, which also provided new ideas for the research on the artistic
style, characteristics and manufacturing techniques of figurines in the
During his reign, Emperor Qin
not only defeated armies in six states of China, he massacred them. As
a result, he feared the military from these states would pursue him into
the afterlife, so he built his Terracotta Army. One of the reasons the
Terracotta Army looks east is because it faces the direction an enemy would
likely come from to attack the underground mausoleum.
After he took the Qin State throne
in 246 BCE, Emperor Qin Shi Huang ordered the Terracotta Army to be built.
Over 700,000 laborers spent 40 years working day and night to finish the
soldiers and the tomb. The workers molded the legs, arms, torsos, and heads,
which were then assembled together. Many laborers and artisans died during
construction, some possibly executed to keep the location of the tomb and
treasures a secret.
When the work was finally completed
in 206 BC, Qin had already been dead for four years. ~ Ref: ranker.com