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Photos by Bill and Sue-On
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CHINA'S TERRA-COTTA WARRIORS
Part VI: Museum Evolution and Bronze Weapons
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Layout of Terra-Cotta Army
There are a total of four underground pits found and named Pit 1, Pit 2, Pit 3 and Pit 4 
according to the unearthed sequence. 
Pit 4 has not been excavated and keeps empty. 
The other three pits were built with similar underground earth-and-wood structure but differed in layout.
There are five sloping passages with clear trail of wheels on it around the pit. 
The terracotta figures were placed into the pottery-bricks-paved pit through the passage, 
then filled with rammed-earth.
The pit was covered with a wood roof that was composed of huge and solid rafters, 
then covered by layers of fiber mats and earth.

The three pits are actually a real military formation 
which fully reflect the profound military strategy of the Qin Dynasty. 
Pit 1 and Pit 2 are the attacking troops with different function that obey Pit 3’s order as their headquarter.
The layout of these three pits shaped like a flying goose, called “Goose Formation”. 
Pit 1, consists of a large amount of infantry and battle chariots, and is the three times bigger than Pit 2. 
Pit 2 is the formation lined with archery, cavalry and battle chariots. 

Click for full-screen images.

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Terra-Cotta Warriors VI

Museum Evolution and Bronze Weapons

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